Introduction of coronavirus:

Coronavirus which is also naming as is a latest virus found in human that was unknown till December 2019. this virus is belongs to a family which has only 6 members and this is the 7th one.

  • Family:coronaviridae
  • Gender:coronavirus
  • Order:nidovirales
  • Genome:linear single-stranded RNA+
  • Pleomorphic wrapped
  • 30 serotypes
  • 80 to 220nm


Mode of transmission:

The mode of transmission is not yet fully understood,but some evidence indicate the following:

  • Droplet from the patient during sneezing or coughing

  • touching the patient’s stuff or services and objects contaminated with the virus.

  • Direct contact with the infected person or animals.

  • Animals(cat,bat,camel,rabbit,snake) to human
  • eating meat or drinking soups of any of above animals

Who is at risk?

  • butchers (who slaughters cats,bats,camels,rabbits,snakes)

  • ChefsĀ (who cooks cats,bats,camels,rabbits,snakes)

  • Doctors (who checks the infected person without putting on medical mask and gloves)

Spreading of coronavirus:

The first case of coronavirus is reported in Wuhan-China,The city of almost 10,000,000 population.Then it spread from China to America,Australia,Bhutan,Pakistan,India,Japan,Korea,Taiwan,Thailand and Arab.Nowadays all local transport like public buses,trains,flights and even taxies in some cities of china is prohibited.almost 900 people are died due to this virus up to now(26/Jan/2020) only in China.

Incubation period:

Incubation period is unknown up to now but with in weeks a patient without treatment will die.Just 3 people have survived up to now.

Sign and symptoms:

Acute condition:

  • fever
  • flu
  • cough
  • sore throat
  • shortness of breath
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • diarrhea.

Severe condition:

  • decreased immunity
  • renal failure
  • respiratory failure


Patients are provided supportive treatment based on patient’s clinical condition,which might include:

  • Antipyretics
  • Fluids
  • oxygen
  • antibiotics


up to now(26/jan/2020) there’s no vaccine is available for this virus.


prevention may include:


  • Don’t cover your mouth with your hands while sneezing or coughing,use tissue or handkerchief and don’t forget to dispose it in waste-basket.

  • Wash your hands with antiseptic/antibiotic soap for at least 20-25sec after coughing,sneezing and after using toilet.

  • Try not to touch your eyes,nose and mouth with your contaminated hands.

  • Put on medical face mask if you’re sick,visiting sick people, while traveling with crowd or going to any crowded place.

  • Keep performing other hygienic activities like regular exercise,balanced diet and sleep well.

  • wash vegetables and fruits very well before consuming them.

  • Avoid shaking hands and giving hugs to the infected people.

  • cook meat very well and boil milk(specially camel’s milk)before drinking it.

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